Coir, seed-hair fibre obtained from the outer shell, or husk, of the coconut with or without retting. The processed fibres, ranging from about 4 to 12 inches (10 to 30 centimetres) in length, are light in weight, brittle, strong, and elastic, with a tendency to curl. They are resistant to abrasion and can be dyed. They are used to make brushes, are woven into matting, and are spun into yarns for marine cordage and fishnets.
2. Coir Yarn
Coir Yarn is generally of 2 ply, spun from coir fibre by hand as well as with the help of traditional ratts, fully automatic spinning machines etc. Coir yarn is the raw material for the manufacture of a whole range of coir products. Today coir yarn is available in a range of colours that make them ideal for use in versatile applications.
Coir rope-making is a common cottage industry in India. The Coconut fibre is attached to hooks on a wheel that is turned by hand. This twists the coir while more is added. It forms a strong rope that doesn’t unwind or break. Among the natural fibre, coir has some unique characteristic particularly its rigidity, durability and friction.
The number of strands required for a strand of rope is determined by the diameter of the strand and the fineness of the yarn used. The diameter of the strand is in turn determined by the diameter of the rope and number of the strands constituting the rope. Therefore, by varying the number of yarns in the strand and the number of the strands, rope of any size can be made.
4. Coir Mats
Coir Mats are made on handlooms, power looms or frames and with or without brush. It is available in a range of colours, sizes and designs. The brushing qualities of coir doormats and their ability to keep the dirt away make the product a unique one. Mats are available in plain, natural and bleached, available with woven or stencilled designs and bevelled patterns for use in interior or exterior door fronts.
Coir Matting is primarily used as a floor furnishing material. It is widely used in exhibition and fairs as a temporary but neat and elegant floor coverings. Because of its sound deadening characteristics, it is being used on a large scale for furnishing stairs, corridors, and auditorium and cinema halls. A wide range of attractive designs and colours as well as quality makes it a favourite item for interior decorators.
6. Coir Tiles
Mattings are cut, rubberised and finished with narrow straight edges, enabling it to be laid together to form tiles. Coir Tiles have inherent strength for durability and strength as it is made out of the strong fibres of coconut husks. Strong and eco-friendly Coir Tiles come in innovative designs so that it can make the floors look classy.
The coir mattings for cricket pitches are special type of matting. It may be provided with canvas or leather bindings at the 2 ends. It is used to cover the Pitch to protect it from the adverse effects of Rain, Moisture, Storm and other Natural Factors. It is durable and requires low maintenance.
8. Coir Rugs
Coir Mattings cut to specified length, and suitably finished are marketed as ‘Coir Rugs’. Coir rugs are available in plain natural colour of the fibre, or in different shades, in woven patterns or printed designs. Rugs of various sizes with attractive designs are specially produced for overseas markets.
9. Coir Mourzouk
A carpet in coir trade is called as mourzouk. Coir Mourzouks are usually manufactured in a variety of sizes and patterns. They are mostly used for furnishing a selected area either at the centre of the room or any part of where generally the other portion might have furnished by other type of furnishing materials. They are also used for all-round furnishing.
10. Coir Belts
Coir belts are mainly used for driving machines and as conveyer belts.
11. Coir Mattings for Roof Surface Cooling
Cooling of buildings by Roof Surface Evaporation is an established technology. It is an effective, simple, economical and environment friendly method of improving the indoor thermal conditions and reducing the capital and running cost of air-conditioning in the order of 60% and 30% respectively, under hot-Dry conditions.
12. Acoustic Barriers
Coir is being used as a noise prevention solution in homes located along highways and other high-traffic roads, in offices and around sporting arenas in Netherlands. This is also used for making stylish compound walls and garden landscaping.
13. Coir Geotextiles
Coir geotextile is a permeable textile fabric in geotechnical engineering to prevent the soil from migrating while maintaining the water flow. Its role is to protect and promote vegetarian cover during its formative period after which it degrades over a period of time and mixes with the soil providing for valuable nutrients.
They are non-woven, made from coir fibre bunches under pressed condition in tubular enclosures of knotted coir yarn. Cocologs are mainly used for vulnerable streams, rivers or lake bank to protect scour. For high embankment areas with a variable water level, several Cocolog can be applied as stack.
15. Coir fibre beds (Cocobeds)
Cocobeds are made from coir fibre and coir geo textiles. Coir fibre is sand witched between two coir geo textiles and stitched together to form a bed or pouch. Steep stream banks can be covered with pre planted Cocobeds. Sediments will be collected and held in Cocobeds, which will help plant growth and purify water to a certain extent.
Coir composites Panels can be made using coir as reinforcing material with or without plantation timber (veneers like rubber, bamboo, jute, glass) in between as a secondary reinforcement and then infused with polymeric matrix material like phenolic, polyester, epoxy, etc., and then processed under controlled temperature and pressure. Coir fibre composites has several advantages such as light weight, unbreakable, non-corrosive, water resistant, durable and affordable. Coir composites are highly suitable for building and construction for door, window panelling, furniture and other joinery work and transportation application for cost-effective replacement to wood and timber.
17. Coir Fenders
Coir fenders are commonly made in spherical, cylindrical or ring shapes. Fenders are made in the required shape from coir yarn, rope, or fibre tied together tightly. Coir rope knotted to form the outer shell by traditional knotting technique. Available in different diameters.
Coir Based Products for Agriculture
Coco poles are made by wrapping coir twin around PVC pipes. Coco poles give ideal support to plants while creating a perfect moist environment for its roots. It’s ideal for creepers like ornamental plants & even vegetables.
19. Coir Baskets
Coir hanging baskets are made from coir fibre blended with natural rubber. Coir pots are 100% biodegradable used for the domestic gardening. Coir hanging baskets are used for internal gardening and acts as decorative materials to the buildings. Less weight and organic properties of coir makes them viable for internal gardening. Plants grow faster and healthily in coir baskets.
The moulded coir fibre pots are usually used as nursery bag for the seedlings, which can be directly planted without removing the ‘nursery bag’. Coir fibre and natural rubber latex are used for the manufacture of coco pots; hence it is 100 % natural, biodegradable and eco friendly product.
21. Coir Fibre Discs (Tree Cover)
It is made from 2 to 6 mm thick rubberized coir sheet and used for protecting the plant from evaporation. The fibre disc is also used as weed cover around the bottom of plant preventing direct sunlight thus avoids the growth of weed under the disc.
The small fibre bits, which are a waste during the sieving of coir pith, can be mixed into pot plant media in horti-flori nurseries. All these materials find numerous applications in gardens and add a warm hue to the surroundings.
23. Coco Peat
Coco peat is a by-product from coir defibreing units. This coco peat undergoes processing and is widely recognized as a superior growing medium for tomatoes, roses and many other crops. The Horticulture industry often calls this coco media as coco peat or coir peat.
The coir pith is comprised into vary small packs of 650 gm shrink wrapped which is most suitable to the hobby market and home garden owners.
25. Coco Lawn
It is a readymade lawn and is an eco friendly method for faster development of readymade lawns using natural coir products instead of using synthetic lawns, which are costly, non-environment friendly and pose disposal problems. The coco lawn is a ready and easy to use eco-friendly alternative for various applications.